Monday, February 17, 2014


2 a: a chronological record of significant events (as affecting a nation or institution) often including an explanation of their causes;
4 a: events that form the subject matter of a history. 
As a citizen of the United States of America, I would take pride in the accomplishments and/or contributions made by any citizen that would impact my life, other citizens or the overall state of the nation in a positive way. Sadly, the contributions made by Black (coloreds centuries ago) or African-American citizens were not acknowledged or considered significant by the Majority (Anglo-Saxons); therefore Black people decided to make sure that no contribution made by their ancestors would go unnoticed or undocumented in the annals of United States history. Because, U.S. history was deplete of these important accomplishments; the study of Black history became important to African-Americans many years ago ( since 1915). It was crucial that men, woman and children were educated about their heritage and ancestors.  

Black History Month, or National African American History Month, is an annual celebration of achievements by Black Americans and a time for recognizing the central role of African Americans in U.S. history. The event grew out of “Negro History Week,” the brainchild of noted historian Carter G. Woodson and other prominent African Americans. Since 1976, every U.S. president has officially designated the month of February as Black History Month. Other countries around the world, including Canada and the United Kingdom, also devote a month to celebrating Black history.
I invite you to peruse an A – Z listing of Black inventions, which were documented as early as the mid-1800s with the exception of one recorded in the 1700s. Aside from the color of their skin, the inventors were just like other citizens of the United States. 
Their desire was to improve the quality of human life with essential items, machines or appliances that could used for business, personal, medical and household needs with convenience.

air conditioning unit        
Frederick M. Jones
July 12, 1949
Benjamin Banneker      
Approx. 1791
auto cut-off switch          
Granville T. Woods     
January 1, 1839
 auto fishing devise          
G. Cook                
May 30, 1899
automatic gear shift         
Richard Spikes         
February 28, 1932
baby buggy                   
W.H. Richardson        
June 18, 1899
bicycle frame                
L.R. Johnson           
October 10, 1899
biscuit cutter               
A.P. Ashbourne         
November 30, 1875
blood plasma bag             
Charles Drew           
Approx. 1945
cellular phone               
Henry T. Sampson       
July 6, 1971
chamber commode              
T. Elkins              
January 3, 1897
clothes dryer                
G. T. Sampson          
June 6, 1862
curtain rod                  
S. R. Scratton         
November 30, 1889
curtain rod support          
William S. Grant       
August 4, 1896
door knob                    
O. Dorsey              
December 10, 1878
door stop                    
O. Dorsey              
December 10, 1878
dust pan                     
Lawrence P. Ray        
August 3, 1897
egg beater                   
Willie Johnson         
February 5, 1884
electric lamp bulb            
Lewis Latimer          
March 21, 1882
Alexander Miles        
October 11, 1867
eye protector                
P. Johnson             
November 2, 1880
fire escape ladder           
J. W. Winters          
May 7, 1878
fire extinguisher            
T. Marshall            
October 26, 1872
folding bed                  
L. C. Bailey           
July 18, 1899
folding chair                
Brody & Surgwar        
June 11, 1889
fountain pen                 
W. B. Purvis           
January 7, 1890
furniture caster             
O. A. Fisher           
gas mask                     
Garrett Morgan         
October 13, 1914
golf tee                     
T. Grant               
December 12, 1899
Robert F. Flemming, Jr.
 March 3, 1886
hair brush                   
Lydia O. Newman        
 November 15, 18--
hand stamp                   
Walter B. Purvis       
February 27 1883
horse shoe                   
J. Ricks
March 30, 1885
ice cream scooper            
A. L. Cralle           
 February 2, 1897
improve sugar making         
Norbet Rillieux        
December 10, 1846
insect-destroyer gun         
A. C. Richard          
 February 28, 1899
ironing board                
Sarah Boone            
 December 30, 1887
key chain                    
F. J. Loudin           
 January 9, 1894
Michael C. Harvey      
 August 19, 1884
lawn mower                                   
L. A. Burr             
May 19, 1889
lawn sprinkler               
J. W. Smith            
May 4, 1897
lemon squeezer               
J. Thomas White        
 December 8, 1893
W. A. Martin           
July 23, 18--
lubricating cup              
Ellijah McCoy          
 November 15, 1895
lunch pail                   
James Robinson         
mail box                     
Paul L. Downing        
October 27, 1891
Thomas W. Stewart      
June 11, 1893
Frederick M. Jones     
June 27, 1939
peanut butter                
George Washington Carver   
pencil sharpener             
J. L. Love             
November 23, 1897
phone transmitter            
Granville T. Woods     
December 2, 1884
record player arm            
Joseph Hunger Dickenson
 January 8, 1819
J. Standard            
 June 14, 1891
riding saddles               
W. D. Davis            
October 6, 1895
rolling pin                  
John W. Reed           
shampoo headrest             
C. O. Bailiff          
October 11, 1898
spark plug                   
Edmond Berger          
 February 2, 1839
Ancient Egypt
T. A. Carrington
July 25, 1876
straightening comb           
Madam C. J. Walker     
Approx. 1905
street sweeper               
Charles B. Brooks      
March 17, 1890
thermostat control            
Frederick M. Jones     
February 23, 1960
traffic light                
Garrett Morgan         
November 20, 1923
M. A. Cherry           
May 6, 1886
Burridge & Marshman    
April 7, 1885